Parkinson’s is a slowly degenerating disease affecting the nervous system. It causes people to lose control over the muscles and ultimately their motions and movements. It’s not a fatal condition, but it can cause thinking and behavioral problems to occur.
WHAT IS IT?
Parkinson’s is caused by the depletion of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. Motor neurons (which control body movement) rely on dopamine to function properly; so when there is an insufficient supply of dopamine, the body starts to lose control of its muscles.
There is no concrete evidence as to what causes primary Parkinson’s, however, secondary Parkinson’s may be caused by:
- Diseases – such as heart disease, brain tumors and viruses
- Medication – such as haloperidol and metoclopramide
- Genetic mutations
The most common symptoms of Parkinson’s are:
- Limited or slow movement
- Stiff or rigid limbs
- Shaking or trembling
- Coordination and balance issues
- Parkinson’s Risks
Your chances of developing Parkinson’s may be increased by factors such as:
- Declining estrogen levels
- Lack of B vitamin folate
- Head trauma
- Agricultural work with increased exposure to pesticides and herbicides